In 1917 there were two very important revolutions in Russian History. The first one was in February and the second was in October. The February revolution started with bread riots by women then transformed into a full scale revolution that spread across the country. This led to the overthrow of the current autocracy, which was replaced by the Provisional Government. However, the Provisional Government was extremely unsuccessful, and ineffective. However, in my opinion the October revolution and the dissolution of the Constituent Assembly had a much greater impact immediately as well as long term.
(This picture shows a march supporting the Bolshevik Revolution)
In October the Bolsheviks had finally gained enough power and support to march on the officer of the Provisional Government as well as the 2nd Congress of the Soviets. After this they had almost full control of the Government. After the takeover, Lenin still allowed the Constituent Assembly to be voted on. However, once the voting was done He realized that the various SR factions had received nearly half of the 42 million votes while, the Bolsheviks had only received around 10 million. The Constituent Assembly only met for one day, before Lenin removed it. This was another major event. It solidified the complete control of the Government by the Bolsheviks.
The Bolsheviks taking power, and Lenin’s removal of the last form of democratic government are two major events in Russia’s history. They solidified Russia’s political and economic policies for most of the 1900’s. With the bolsheviks came socialism and communism. This would dictate economic polices, as well as internal and international policies. Without the October revolution we may even have not had the cold war. Russia could have become somewhat democratic and have had a completely different history.
Russia A History by Gregory Freeze